5G Technology

In December of 2018, South Korea became the first country to offer 5G telecom services. It is fair to say that the mobile industry has made breathtaking advances since the first mobile phone was launched back in 1973. Mobile devices have reshaped our world in ways that we never could have predicted. Most countries plan to start adopting 5G by 2026 and this is set to help drive the Internet of Things (IoT) and big data.

Before going deep inside the 5g technology world we also need to know about its predecessors-

 1G – The first generation of mobile networks – or 1G as it was retroactively dubbed, was launched by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) in Tokyo, Japan in 1979. However, it suffered from many drawbacks like poor coverage and sound quality. There was no roaming support between various operators and as different systems operated on different frequency ranges, there was no compatibility between systems. Worst of all, calls weren’t encrypted, so anyone with a radio scanner could drop in on a call. But then on the other hand, it was relatively successful as various companies were able to recover the cost and also make profit on it . This motivated them to develop 2G

2G – The second generation of mobile networks, or 2G, was launched under the GSM standard in Finland in 1991. For the first time, calls could be encrypted and digital voice calls were significantly clearer with less static and background crackling. It more importantly helped lay the groundwork for nothing short of a cultural revolution. For the first time, people could send text messages (SMS), picture messages, and multimedia messages (MMS) on their phones. The analog past of 1G gave way to the digital future presented by 2G. This led to mass-adoption by consumers and businesses alike on a scale never seen before. 2G revolutionized the business landscape and changed the world forever.  

3G – It was launched in the year 2001 and aimed to standardize the network protocol used by vendors. This meant that users could access data from any location in the world as the ‘data packets’ that drive web connectivity were standardized. This made international roaming services a real possibility for the first time. 3G’s increased data transfer capabilities (4 times faster than 2G) also led to the rise of new services such as video conferencing, video streaming and voice over IP (such as Skype). In 2002, the Blackberry was launched, and many of its powerful features were made possible by 3G connectivity. The twilight era of 3G saw the launch of the iPhone in 2007, meaning that its network capability was about to be stretched like never before.

4G – It was launched in 2009 and was subsequently introduced throughout the world and made high-quality video streaming a reality for millions of consumers. 4G offers fast mobile web access (up to 1 gigabit per second for stationary users) which facilitates gaming services, HD videos and HQ video conferencing. The catch was that while transitioning from 2G to 3G was as simple as switching SIM cards, mobile devices needed to be specifically designed to support 4G. This helped device manufacturers scale their profits dramatically by introducing new 4G-ready handsets and was one factor behind Apple’s rise to become the world’s first trillion-dollar company. While 4G is the current standard around the globe, some regions are plagued by network patchiness and have low 4G LTE penetration. With 4G coverage so low in some areas the focus has shifted to 5G.

5G has actually been years in the making. Kevin Ashton described how he coined the term “the Internet of Things” – or IoT for short – during a PowerPoint presentation he gave in the 1990s to convince Procter & Gamble to start using RFID tag technology. The phrase caught on and IoT was soon touted as the next big digital revolution that would see billions of connected devices seamlessly share data across the globe. According to Ashton, a mobile phone isn’t a phone, it’s the IoT in your pocket; a number of network-connected sensors that help you accomplish everything from navigation to photography to communication and more. The IoT will see data move out of server centers and into what are known as ‘edge devices’ such as Wi-Fi-enabled appliances like fridges, washing machines, and cars. By the early 2000s, developers knew that 3G and even 4G networks wouldn’t be able to support such a network. As 4G’s latency of between 40ms and 60ms is too slow for real-time responses, a number of researchers started developing the next generation of mobile networks. This lead to development of 5G.

Now let’s dive deep into the world of 5G technology and know more about its advantages and implications.


Mobile technology has become a part of everyday life for consumers and businesses. Indians now use their mobiles to navigate, do their banking and browse the internet. These daily activities all require using applications with an increasing amount of required data. The need for more data is set to continue. Many emerging technologies rely increasingly on mobile networks. Their effectiveness and reliability will depend on their ability to be able to wirelessly transmit large amounts of data quickly and reliably. 5G networks will deliver faster speeds, better reliability and improved capacity. This will bring benefits for consumers and businesses, such as faster streaming, reduced latency and better network performance in peak times.

5g technical will also offer greater reliability. For example, 

a network outage could have significant consequences for driverless cars or 

drones that are operating on a network. 5G is expected to offer ultrareliable service options, including 99.999% network availability for mission critical ‘ultra-reliable’ communications.

It will also provide benefits to businesses like improved telecommunications and offer new ways for improving efficiency and productivity – for example, through process automation. For some businesses, the network could also enable 

innovation, supporting the development of new products, services and revenue streams.

Now through this we will exactly able to understand the benefits of 5g for businesses.

However, we also need to know what barriers are preventing business from adopting it. The most cited barrier for businesses potentially adopting emerging technologies is that it might be too expensive. Over 40% of businesses ranked this barrier within their top three concerns 

The top 3 concern which are preventing business are

Two overcome these barriers, we need to educate businesspeople about this technology and the data collected from businesses also says the same thing

Though 5G has various benefits but if it is not implemented properly, it can disastrous for both the economy and telecom sector which has invested huge amount of resources to build this technology.

Subham Vohra
Subham Vohra

Hey my name is Subham Vora and I am the co – founder of Lazy reader’s as well as contributing writer with The Economics Club .The reason politics, economics & business intrigue me it has connection with each & every aspect of our life.

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